Citation Formats

At Valencia there are two commonly used formats for creating citations: APA and MLA. APA stands for American Psychological Association. This format emphasizes the currency of the information, so the date is more prominently displayed. APA style is commonly used in nursing, allied health science and psychology courses. MLA is the Modern Language Association style, most often required in English and Humanities classes. Only the APA style will be covered in this tutorial.

Both styles use in-text citations and full citations. The full citations shown in this tutorial would be incorporated into a complete list of the sources used in a paper (called References).

The two styles use most of the same basic components in a citation; they just arrange and display them differently.