Review the answers:

Question #1:

Val wants to make the statement that "Banning tattoos violates employees' rights to Freedom of Speech." Which more basic piece of information does the audience need, in order to understand this statement?

  • Banning tattoos is unfair.
    Incorrect answer: This is a conclusion that someone might draw from the facts, but it does not help the audience understand why banning tattoos has anything to do with the Freedom of Speech.
  • Tattoos are a form of self-expression.
    Correct answer. This is a statement of basic fact that helps clarify why banning tattoos has to do with the Freedom of Speech.
  • Tattooing dates back to ancient civilizations.
    Incorrect answer. This is background information on the topic of tattoos, but it doesn't directly help the audience understand Val's statement.

 Question #2:

Val does not want to bore her audience with information they already know. If Val's audience already understands that "tattoos are a form of self expression," then which more basic piece of information do they probably also already understand?

  • Tattoos are a type of body art.
    Correct answer: This is a basic definition of tattoos. If one already knows that tattoos are used as a form of self-expression, it is reasonable to guess that he or she already knows what a tattoo is.
  • Tattooing dates back to ancient civilizations.
    Incorrect answer: Just because the audience knows that tattoos are a form of self-expression does not necessarily mean that they have background information about the history of tattoos.
  • Banning tattoos is unfair.
    Incorrect answer: Just because the audience knows that tattoos are a form of self-expression does not necessarily mean that they have also drawn this conclusion.

Ordering Activity:

Correct order:

  1. Tattoos are a type of body art.
    Most basic definition of tattoos.
  2. Tattoos are a form of self-expression.
    More complex idea. For the audience to understand this, they should also know that tattoos are a type of body art.
  3. Banning tattoos violates the Freedom of Speech.
    More complex idea. For the audience to understand this, they should also know what tattoos are and that they are a form of self expression.

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