Val is suddenly unsure if she can really do a paper on tattoos. There are so many angles to this topic! Since she's a visual learner, Val draws the following Concept Map to illustrate the possible directions her topic could take:
She realizes that she needs to pick just one of the possible topics from her concept map; otherwise, her research project will be too large for the assignment. She decides that she will stick to the cultural significance of tattoos.
What Val has just done is known as narrowing, or focusing, the topic.
In the activity on the following page, practice ranking the topic ideas from broad to narrow.