Citation Formats

 At Valencia there are two commonly used formats for creating citations: APA and MLA. APA stands for American Psychological Association. This format emphasizes the currency of the information, so the date is more prominently displayed. APA style is commonly used in psychology classes and may also be used in nursing, business, economics, and other science and social science disciplines. MLA is the Modern Language Association style, most often required in English and Humanities classes.

Both styles use in-text citations and full citations. The full citations shown in this section would be incorporated in a complete list of the sources used in a speech (or paper).

The two styles use most of the same basic components in a citation; they just arrange and display them differently.


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