Speakers use oral footnotes in a speech to establish the credibility of the information presented. The audience should be assured that the information comes from a reliable source which can be looked up later by an interested listener.
In the examples above, "In a September 2009 speech to Congress, President Obama stated" and "According to a November 2009 Gallup Poll" are the oral footnotes. They give the listener a brief idea of the source of the information and introduce the quote and statistic given above. When composing an oral footnote include at least:
You may also want to include (and your professor may require):
Make sure you are clear on your professor's requirements before you give your speech.
Oral footnotes refer the listener to the full citation on the References or Works Cited page. So for the two examples given above, the speaker would include a full citation to President Obama's speech and to the Gallup Poll on the Works Cited page. MLA Works Cited Page for a speech using those two examples:
Jones, Jeffrey M. "Greater Optimism about U.S. Health System Coverage, Costs." Gallup. 19 Nov. 2009.
Web. 13 July 2010.
Obama, Barack. "Remarks by the President to a Joint Session of Congress on Health Care." U.S. Capitol,
Washington, DC. 9 Sept. 2009. Web. 13 July 2010.