Check your answers:

  • "Cultural customs" is broader than
  • "Rituals" (a type of custom) is broader than
  • "Initiation Ceremonies" (an example of a ritual) is broader than
  • "Secret Society Inductions" (a specific kind of initiation ceremony)

If Val researched tattooing in secret society inductions, she would have a narrower focus than if she researched tattooing in all types of initiation ceremonies.

The bottom line: Focusing the topic helps Val clarify her information need. She now knows that she will only need to find information about one aspect of her topic - the cultural significance of tattoos.

Answer the following quiz question to check your understanding of this concept.


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Value: 1
Which three choices would be appropriate ways to narrow the topic, "medical risks of tattooing"? Choose the best THREE answers.

[mark all correct answers]


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